Many other countries are targets of the EU’s extensive technical assistance program, which is aimed at exporting EU standards and technical regulations to developing countries, especially in the Mediterranean and Balkan countries, Africa, as well as smaller programs for China and Latin America. Membership in European Accreditation is open to nationally recognized accreditation bodies in countries in the European geographical area that can demonstrate that they operate an accreditation system compatible with EN45003 or ISO/IEC Guide 58. The license, once granted, is normally valid for six months, but may be extended if adequately justified. A standard analysis bulletin issued by the manufacturer, listing the product composition, is acceptable for customs purposes. Spain is part of the harmonised trade system of the EU and importing and exporting are covered by the EU Taxation and Customs Union. Cuba in 1898 José M. Hernandez. A feature of the New Approach is CE marking. Spain is now the fifth-largest economy in the EU and the fourth-largest economy in the Eurozone. THE FUTURE OF TRADE POLICIES Spain's future trade policies will be shaped by two important events: (1) the achievement of the internal market by the end of 1992, which will fully liberalize trade first among EEC and then EFT A countries, creating an internal European single market; and (2) the final outcome of the Uruguay Round which will reduce the level of protection of the major trading … For agricultural products, import documentation and tariffs are similar to those of other EU countries. 2,193 Agents, Distributors and Service Providers in Spain. As a result of these negotiations, for example, the LNG Forum was organized by both governments and hosted by the EU in early May 2019,, with plans for another major forum in July 2020. Although CE marking is intended primarily for inspection purposes by member state inspectors, the consumer may well perceive it as a quality mark. The Eco-label is awarded to producers who can show that their product is less harmful to the environment than such similar products. Sanitary certificates are required to import animals, meat products, marine mammals, fish, crustaceans, or molluscs and parts thereof. Furthermore, the government highly restricts the import of many types of pharmaceutical products. • Drawback: Duties are paid simultaneously with a presentation of a list of products to be re-exported in the future. The Ministry of Industry processes applications for homologation, and promotes certification and normalization for industrial products and processes and quality control procedures. The costs are significantly lower, helping make U.S. products more competitive. At this time, U.S.-EU MRAs cover the following sectors: EMC (in force), RTTE (in force), medical devices (in transition), pharmaceutical (on hold), recreational craft (in force) and marine equipment (in force). Upon presentation of the customs receipt and at re-export, the deposit is refunded. Spain has been a member of the EU since 1986. A Common External Tariff (CET) is applicable to other countries, including Australia Virtually every industrial sector, from automobiles to textiles, may be affected by the new policy. For normal deliveries of U.S. goods to Spain, Spanish authorities only require regular documentation (bill of loading, copy of invoice, certificate of origin, copies of documents related to payment and insurance). Spanish counterparts have recently won several large public-sector construction contracts in the United States, which has prompted usually very competitive American companies to ask why they are not similarly successful in the Spanish market. Exporters of high-technology goods subject to U.S. export control procedures must ensure that Spanish clients and subsidiaries are aware of U.S. export controls. The Pyrenees mountain range isolated Spain from France to the north, other mountain ranges made for a natural border in the interior of Spain, and the sea served as a border from the exterior. Products tested and certified in the United States to American standards are likely to have to be retested and re-certified to EU requirements as a result of the EU’s different approach to the protection of the health and safety of consumers and the environment. President Washington, through Pinckney's Treaty in 1796, negotiated an end to Spanish interference on the river. Spanish customs values shipments at C.I.F. Exporters are required to present one commercial invoice, one bill of lading and three copies of a certificate of origin for all shipments. Spain has been a World Trade Organization member since 1995. ENAC (Entidad Nacional de Acreditación – National Accreditation Entity) and AENOR (Spanish Standards & Certification Association) are the major entities for conformity assessment in Spain. The United States successfully challenged the EU hormone ban at the World Trade Organization, but the EU has not yet opened its market to hormone-treated beef. To sell products in the EU market of 27 member states as well as Norway, Liechtenstein and Iceland, U.S. exporters must apply CE marking whenever their product is covered by specific product legislation. Spanish regulations ban the import of illicit narcotics and drugs. REACH is a major reform of EU chemicals policy that was adopted at EU level in December 2006. These range from self-certification, type examination and production quality control systems, to full quality assurance systems. Requirements relating to textile content, labeling and packaging are specific and extensive. To promote market acceptance of the final product, there are a number of voluntary conformity assessment programs. Since April 2006, the EU has accepted the U.S. seafood inspection system as equivalent to the European. Another category, called "partner standardization bodies" includes the standards organizations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Egypt, Serbia and Montenegro, Russia, Tunisia, the Ukraine and Australia, which are not likely to join the EU or CEN any time soon, but have an interest in participating in specific CEN technical committees. While some agricultural commodities, such as soybeans, sunflower seeds, corn by-products and lumber, are tariff free or subject to minimal tariffs, the great majority of food and agricultural products covered by the EU's Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) are subject to high tariffs, tariff rate quotas, and /or variable import levies which significantly restrict access to the Spanish market. Re-exports of U.S. goods from Spain follow the same procedures as exportation of Spanish products. 1940 1960 1980 2000 5 10 15 % of GDP Export share Import share Trade shares ETSI does not offer conformity assessment services. Import tariffs do not apply within EU-member states as of January 1, 2003. During the evolution of civilization in the Iberian Peninsula, cities sprang up along the coastlines with little interaction. In 2016 EU-Argentina bilateral trade in goods totalled EUR 16.7 billion. A specific public health certificate must accompany U.S. seafood shipments. Over 900 UK companies operate in Spain. • Agricultural products: Labeling requirements are fully harmonized with the EU labeling system and labels must be in Spanish. American construction firms note that they have not been able to win public-sector construction contracts in Spain, although they have not alleged systematic discrimination against them. Washington, DC 20230. A commercial invoice that includes freight and insurance, C.I.F. Explore Tariff Data *The tariffs applied to imports for Spain are: The strength of the bilateral economic relationship … The first draft was published in 2004 and with each successive successful year, the “case” for a government-imposed decree becomes increasingly more difficult, unless forced politically via an internal domestic Government decision/agreement or an unequivocal EC-mandated requirement. The U.S. is pursuing trade liberalization through trade negotiations and policies that boost prospects for food and agricultural markets in developing countries which stimulates economic growth and development. Pharmaceutical Certificates: These certificates are required by Spanish customs for drugs and certain sanitary items. European Union standards created under the New Approach are harmonized across the 27 EU Member states and European Economic Area countries to allow for the free flow of goods. To prevent incursions, Spain periodically shut down the Mississippi to Anglo-American trade. Legislation is currently under review at the European Commission. Spain's trade deficit narrowed sharply to EUR 1.48 billion in September 2020 from EUR 4.26 billion in the same month of the previous year. - Import Export Services, International Trade Resources © 2014. Later, a rebate is given upon customs clearance out of Spain. • Commission Regulation 2065/2001/EC (seafood, only for retail channels) In view of the complexity and rapid change in marking, labeling and testing requirements in Spain, U.S. exporters are advised to request pertinent instructions from their importers prior to shipment. NOAA-NMFS will remain the sole competent authority for the certification of fishery and aquaculture products, including live bivalve mollusks. 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